Professor X walks into the classroom and delivers a 3-hour lecture on internal combustion engines.
Source: Richard Phillip Rücker. Waiting for Time to Pass. Flickr.com
Professor Y shows the students a malfunctioning tractor, asks them to figure out what the problems are, fix the issues and come up with a maintenance plan to prevent such occurrences in the future.
Source: David Prasad.PA160104 - Fresno State 100th Anniversary Homecoming. Flickr.com.
If you were a student, in which class would you learn and retain better? (Kittrell & Moore, 2013)
What is Student Motivation and Why is it Important
Motivation can be defined as a stimulus or incentive that produces a desire to act. Although motivation is a complex concept (just as human beings are complex and unique) and no single theory can adequately explain all of its nuances, some of the motivating factors include material rewards, desire to increase power and prestige in the world, interesting work, enriched environments, and recognition. Without motivation, tasks generally are much more difficult to accomplish. Therefore, for teaching and learning to be effective, students must be motivated on regular basis (Williams & Williams, 2011)